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Urinary Calculi

 A hard mass of mineral salts in the urinary tract - is a very serious problem normally associated with bucks. In medical books, you will find it under the name of "Urolithiasis".  It can result in a painful death in a very short time and is normally the result of some nutritional imbalance.

Clinical signs - Painful or difficult urination. Dribbling of urine and animal being vocal. Straining to urinate with possible contractions of the abdominal muscles. Abdominal pain and possibly stretching out and kicking at the abdomen. Grinding of the teeth. There may be crystals found on the hairs around the end of the penis area where the urine normally flows.

Results of Urinary Calculi - Urinary Calculi is the result of a hard mass of mineral salts in the urinary tract. The bladder and/or the penis area may erupt from the buildup pressure of not being able to urinate and can result in the death of the animal.

Cause - This is most commonly seen in animals that are being maintained in a feedlot environment or pets getting special feed treatment. The makeup of the hard mass of mineral salts varies according to the geographic location of the animals but they are commonly composed of calcium salts and phosphatic complexes.

There are several different types of problems under the common heading of Urinary Calculi::

Early castration of wethers can also result in Urinary Calculi. Early castration will result in stopping or slowing the growth of length and diameter of the urethra and thus more likely not be able to pass smaller crystals.  

Identifying source of the problem - It is important to look at the complete dietary history of an animal. Look at the following sources:

Prevention -

If you have a buck get Urinary Calculi, have the vet submit the crystals to a laboratory for analysis to help determine the source of the problem.

Treatments -

Because Urinary Calculi often caused sludge-like crystals to form in the bladder, the problem tends to recur in the majority of cases. Thus you need to attack the source of the initial reason for the crystals to form.