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Trace Minerals



Deficiency Symptom

Cobalt – a component of vitamin B12

See Vitamin B12

  • Rumen cannot synthesize vitamin B1
  • Inappetence
  • Poor production
  • Weight loss
  • Weakness
  • Anemia
  • Diarrhea
  • White liver disease

Copper and Molybdenum . – These two minerals are closely interrelated. High molybdenum in the feed results in a relative copper deficiency. Unlike sheep, for whom copper is toxic, goats must have trace elements of copper.

  • Inappetence, poor growth
  • Weight loss
  • Decreased milk production
  • Anemia
  • Decoloration of the hair
  • Abortions and stillbirths
  • Copper deficient does can give birth to kids with swayback.

Iodine - essential for the production of thyroid hormone, an important body regulator which has a profound effect upon the rate of the body’s chemical reactions.

  • In newborn kids show weakness, absence of hair and large thyroid glands
  • Thyroid glands may also be enlarged in adults. This is called Goiters.
  • May be induced by animals consuming goitogenic foods such as kale.

Iron - essential for certain enzymes and for the formation of red blood cell pigment and muscle cell pigment

Greed leafy plants

  • Anemia
  • Appetite reduced

Manganese – has a wide range of roles n the body processes, including oestrous activity.

  • Reluctance to walk
  • Deformed forelimbs
  • Excessively straight hocks
  • Reduced fertility
  • abortion

Selenium – very important in fat metabolism. Its action is closely related to that of vitamin E. Thought to increase fertility and resistance to infection.

Deficiency occurs when the soil in a locality is deficient and feeds harvested locally are fed.

  • Occur often in kids, causing them to do badly and also to suffer from white muscle disease.

Zinc – has a wide range of functions; it is a constituent of enzymes and of insulin; it has a close functional relationship with vitamin a and with the growth hormone, prolactin. Also involved in the healthy growth of skin and hair.

  • Parakeratosis
  • Joint stiffness
  • Excessive salivation
  • Swelling of the feet
  • Deformities of the hooves
  • Small testes
  • Low libido
  • Weight loss