South African Stud Book Description of Value of Boer Goat
The text below comes from the South African Stud Book for Boer Goats and describes the "Value" of the Boer Goat breed. This will be use to compare to the Boers in the U.S. currently. (2007)
Boer Goat Breeders of South Africa
The Boer goat is undoubtedly one of the hardiest small stock breeds on earth, with a great capacity for adoption. It is therefore encountered in a great variety of climatic - and pasture - conditions and is consequently fit for conditions varying from extensive to intensive. The Boer goat is an excellent walker, has sturdy legs and moves easily in rugged mountainous areas and through dense bush.
During drought conditions, the Boer goat probably survives longer than most other animals without supplementary feeding or feed.
RESISTANCE TO DISEASES
The Boer goat also has an exceptional ability to withstand and resist diseases such as blue tongue, prussic acid poisoning and, to a lesser extent, enterotoxaemia (pulpy kidney). As far as is known, Boer goats do not contract blue tongue at all. Their grazing habits also make them less susceptible to infection caused by internal parasites, since Boer goats prefer to graze above the ground, if such grazing is available. Such as bushveld or scrub vegetation.
FERTILITY AND KIDDING PERCENTAGE
The Boer goat is very fertile and is not seasonally bound. Furthermore, multiple births are the rule rather than the exception, with an average kidding percentage of 180.
These two important economic characteristics have made the Boer goat very popular for the following reasons:
Because the Boer goat is not seasonally bound, the kidding season can be selected to fit in with the period when food is most plentiful; or, under intensive conditions, kidding can occur every 7-8 months.
Its exceptionally high kidding percentage implies that the Boer goat cannot be surpassed with regard to the percentage of meat per kilogram per ewe or per hectare. This factor places the Boer goat very high on the ranking list with regard to intensive farming.
ABUNDANCE OF MILK
Growth rate is linked to sufficient milk production and good nurturing instincts in ewes with regard to their young. A ewe has enough milk to raise two kids rapidly.
The Boer goat is able to maintain economic production up to the age of approximately 10 years. This implies that the percentage of young replacement ewes which have to be withheld, is very low.