We breed our does individually and therefore know approximately when they are scheduled
to kid. This is important for us because it allows us to watch for specific problems
during their pregnancy. There are two main type of problems related to pregnancy.
They are Pregnancy Toxemia and Abortions. Pregnancy Toxemia is a problem that we
have seen many times. We have never had a problem that we know of where the does
aborted however we have talked to friend that have had abortion problems.
This is a problem in the late pregnancy, normally the last month and especially last
two weeks. It is normally related to a doe with multiple kids. During the last two
months, the kids are adding 70% of their birthing weight. During the final weeks,
there is additional nutritional requirements for the kids as continue to increase
in size and there is less and less room for the rumen to hold the same amount of
food. The goats body will give the kids nutritional needs the priority at the expense
to the mother. She may not be able to consume enough nutrition and the body will
start converting the mothers carbohydrates stored in her tissues. This leads to the
release of keton bodies into her blood - a sign that her metabolism is faulty.
The symptoms will be a loss of appetite, not wanting to get up or move around, sweet-smelling
breath, limping and swelling of feet or walking very tenderly. Ketosis strips can
be used to identify if the doe is ketotic Give doe propylene glycol twice a day.
We give 60cc drench in am and pm. We also create a mixture of sodium bicarbonate
with water and give 30cc drench am and pm. Help get the doe up and moving around
during the day and offering her high energy food.
Proper nutrition is essential for having healthy kids. Simultaneous deficiencies
of energy and protein can cause abortion of embryos early in the pregnancy. Deficiencies
of some trace minerals such as copper and iodine can be the cause of abortions. Also,
excessive selenium for an extended period can cause abortions.
An abortion by one or more of the goats in your herd may indicate an infectious disease
that needs an overall management response. It is likely that your vet will be required
to identify the type of infection causing the problem.
Chlamydiosis - caused by an intracellular organism. Abortion typically occurs in
the last 2 months of pregnancy and especially the last 2 weeks. The rest of the pregnant
herd must be considered. Non bred does can catch the infection but it will result
in their becoming immune. You should consider injecting pregnant does with tetracycline
by the intramuscular rout to try and prevent them from aborting.
Toxoplasmosis - this is associated with a coccidium of cats. Cats become infected
by consuming uncooked meat scraps, placentas, and small rodents. Goats become infected
by eating grass, hay or garin contaminated by cat feces.It can result in abortion,
stillbirths and weak kids. However, reducing exposure to cat may help but in may
lead to an increase in rats that carry other diseases.
Q Fever - a bacterial disease capable of being transmitted from animals to people
caused by Coxiella burnetii, a rickettsial organism. C. burnetii may be found in
sheep, cattle, goats, cats, dogs, some wild animals (including many wild rodents),
birds, and ticks. Animals shed the organism in their urine, feces, milk, and especially
in their birth products. Abortion or stillbirths occur in late pregnancy, but only
when the placenta has been severely damaged. Treatment is with tetracycline. Placentas
and aborted fetuses shoud be destroyed by burning.
Brucellosis - brucella organisms infect a goats placenta and udder, causing abortion
and mastitis When goats in an endemic herd are in a stressful environment and management
is not adequate to control nutritional and parasitic diseases, then abortion will
occur in the last 2 months of pregnancy.
Listeriosis - caused by listeria monocytogenes a ubiquitous organism that may be
found in soil, water, plant litter and digestive tract of ruminants. Abortions occur
in the last 2 months. Treatment is usage of tetracyclines.